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Archive for the 'DVD Replication' Category

300 CDs duplicated? How about 300 Replicated Minimum for CDs and DVD5?

We get called a lot for 300 CDs duplicated. CDMaker is proud to announce that as of September 2012, the replication minimum has been lowered from 500 units to 300 units for audio cds, cd-rom and dvd5s.

What’s the difference between 300 CDS duplicated vs that amount Replicated?

Replication is the manufacturing process that is used to press optical media. After software diagnosis analysis of the disc, a glass master is produced and from that glass master the stampers that are attached to different equipment designed to produce CDs or DVDs.

Image of a 4-panel digipak with a CD

300 CD Replication Pricing in a 4-panel Digipak Packaging –


  • Customer provides press-ready artwork files within CDMaker templates within spec
  • Physical master
  • Our paperwork
  • IPR form
  • 75% Deposit (call to use credit card)


So 300 CDs duplicated is going to cost more than 300 replicated?

Pretty much. When you compare 300 cds duplicated vs 300 replicated in the same packaging, you will be spending less on the replicated version because of the cost savings that manufacturing offers. We’re working on the pricing for more configurations of packaging, this digipak format was the one we have been asked about the most.

Any packaging option for 300 CDS duplicated is available on the 300 replicated packages?

Absolutely. Anything from a simple cardboard sleeve on up to an 8-panel digipak with a booklet if you want. So that’s why it helps if you tell which specific packaging you’d like – we can get you a pricing on exactly what you need.

In the meantime, to receive a quote on precisely what you need at this quantity – use the form below:

Your Name (required)

Your Email (required)


Your Message

And if you need more information about the difference between duplication versus replication you can always call us. In a short version, duplication is where you take a blank disc which has dye on the underside and copy files or music from one location to that blank disc. So you’re taking something that already exists and burning the data into the dye. Its great for quick runs or very low quantities from 1 copy to 200 copies is usually a good option for most applications. But what makes a CD-R a CD-R – the ability to be altered to hold data, is also its downfall. That dye can breakdown over time, the original disc if its not a duplication grade A blank may hardly have any dye on it at all. All this will have some impact on playback. Not to mention that when you drop on of these or scratch the underside, you could be compromising the data and end up with a disc that won’t play back.

Replication is a manufacturing process where poly carbonate pellets are melted down and injected into machines that have plates in them that match your master in terms of the physical nature of how the data is encoded on the master and when the discs are pressed they have all the data encoded into them. There’s a lot of set up that has to happen which is called glass mastering, then the stampers are created, the discs pressed, then the artwork output to film and the disc is then printed in a separate but related process and then ready to be assembled into a package.

Don’t worry, if you call we will always suggest the 300 replicated package to save your budget money even if you ask about 300 cds duplicated.

posted by Carolyn Holzman in CD Replication,DVD Replication and have No Comments

Duplication vs Replication

Not sure whether you need to look at duplication or manufacturing using a glass master? This information is designed to help you navigate which you should consider.

image to illustrate duplication vs replicationUsually we are asked – which is better but more often ultimately its a decision based on economics. Let me explain.

By the way, this entire topic is typically moot for CDMaker clients because we offer replicated CDs options at a low quantity of 300. At that point it is actually cheaper to press than to duplicate. So its really more a question for those that need less than 300 or those that are doing DVD formats where the minimum quantities to press are higher, for example DVD-9 manufacturing as of 2014 still requires a minimum quantity of 1000 pieces.

The number of discs from the same master is the primary factor in determining which one is best suited for you.


Duplication or Replication is all about the economics

What you need to understand that the work to replicate a CD or DVD requires hours of glass mastering – preparing an exact replica of the physical master to then have stampers made so that thousands of pounds of polycarbonate pellets can be melted down and injected into the molds that will form your disc and then have some nickel oxide spun on the disc and then have the finished discs silk-screened.

All that time and labor to create the glass master and stamps is spread throughout the number of discs that are manufactured now. Previously in the early 1990’s you would have paid a separate glass mastering fee.

If you only have 100 discs made by glass master, even by spreading it out on a per disc charge would make those 100 discs almost as expensive as pressing 1000 discs. The labor and materials for the glass mastering and the step up on the machine and testing is a lot easier to spread out over 1000 or more discs without causing coronary issues!

Duplication, where a pre existing round blank disc is placed in a duplication machine for copying, is much better suited for runs up to 200 – 250. You do pay more PER disc for short runs compared to replication but the OVERALL price is less.

Duplication vs Replication is an important choice when doing less than 300 pieces

How do you choose CD Duplication vs Replication?

Usually this is a question asked by our audio clients who are concerned about the sound quality of duplication. We do have clients who insist on only doing replication and will press the minimum amount because they want the stability that a pressed disc by nature holds.

You see,what makes a CDR or DVDR able to be copied is also what makes them easy to be damaged when compared to a replicated disc. Not that a replicated disc is indestructible by any means, this is all relative.

How about sound quality for music discs?

First and foremost, your master and how it was created plays an enormous role in this process. Manufacturing is going to be an exact replicate of your master. So there are fewer opportunities in manufacturing to “mess” with your sound. This is best understood if you realise that manfacturing is a physical process and everything up to your master has been an AUDIO process. For for the duplication process there are many ways the sound can be depricated.

For instance, the main way this happens is depending on how fast your music CDs are duplicated. CDMaker duplication for audio CDs is set to 16X – no faster. This is typically lower speed than most duplication facilities who are more interested in scheduling vast numbers of discs rather than a lesser number of better sounding discs.

Another factor is are the computer chips in the players – car stereos vs home systems. Some CD players have a hard time with different media – the brand of the blank disc – and it can be a high end automobile that spits out your duplicated disc. While duplication and replication has standards it must meet in order to be an audio CD, CD players are not held to the same standard – they can use any set of standards for playback which may not be a full range of Red Book Audio.

UPDATE: In response to the comment below, DVD-R and DVD+R blank media are two entirely different animals. We do not accept any rewritable media as masters because of the possibility that they were used before and could have digital “events” that are not apparent in playback but potentially could get noticed in the glass mastering phase which makes an exact copy.

Additionally –
A DVD-R is a non-rewriteable format and it is compatible with about 93% of all DVD Players and most DVD-ROMs.
A DVD-RW is a rewriteable format and it is compatible with about 80% of all DVD Players and most DVD-ROMs.

They both come as single-sided, single layer as well as double sided,single layer and double-sided, double layer formats.

But which is best?

Well, you have to realize that while you want to always have an archive of your best copy, producing a commercial CD or DVD either by duplication or replication shouldn’t also be confused as archival quality. You may only want 100 copies and the question to you is – if you don’t want duplication – are you willing to pay the higher price per unit for manufacturing? Because what we’ve found is that once a client can obtain pressed copies of their music at a price that is lower than duplicated discs, economics turns the tide in the decision-making process.

Best bet is to talk with your representative and tell them what you need, what your concerns and priorities are so they can provide you with a complete range of options so you can make an informed choice whether or not you want to duplicate or replicate your project.

posted by Carolyn Holzman in CD Duplication,CD Replication,DVD Duplication,DVD Replication,Red Book Audio and have Comment (1)

Seven Questions to Ask Your Graphic Designer

We get a lot of questions about graphic design for CDs and we came up with a few ideas of questions to discuss with your designer as you evaluate who will be able to do the best job for you.

Whenever you’re interviewing graphic designers for CD projects – its a good idea to clarify a few things before you begin. Sometimes you could find out somethings further down the road that would have helped you save time & money earlier on had you known.

This list is by no means comprehensive – you may have others – these will help get you started.

1. What programs will you be using?

Expect to hear answers like – Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign. Answers like Word or Corel Draw – are indicative of a difference type of publishing than what you need.

2. Do you typically design for websites or printing presses?

If they don’t understand why they would be asked this – typically they design for websites. What makes artwork work technically the best for web is exactly the opposite of printing presses. What you need is high resolution 300 dpi, CMYK artwork, unflattened and in layers. These types of files will not only allow you to print better quality they allow for future changes without you having to go back to the initial designer for simple edits or additions.

3. Will you be able and willing to provide to my CD printing company high resolution, unflattened, native layered files?

This is important to ask. Graphic designers hold differing view on who actually owns the native files. Yes, sometimes they believe you own what comes off the press but that they own the digital files. Its not rude to ask and its not rude if they tell you that they believe they own them. Ask them what it would take to obtain ownership and usually that’s a dollar amount – just consider that when you determine your budget. And get it in writing if you hire them BEFORE you give them a deposit check.

FYI – Any graphic work that CDMaker does for you is considered to be your property so you have full and unfettered access to native files – just ask for a backup when you order so its just the time and materials cost to make one for you.

4. Will you be using templates to set up the artwork?

This is a huge one – if they just make one up or recycle one from another manufacturer – you could be looking at additional time. Tell them that you expect them to use the proper template(s) and if they don’t do so they are responsible to adjust artwork to fit the proper template. Again, its just that you are clarifying your expectations. If you don’t mind being charged by your manufacturer or printing house  for the extra costs to adjust artwork files – then you don’t have to have this conversation.

5. Will I be given a complete set of backup files – all support images, all fonts, all native files at the end of the project?

This is again a clarifying question. If they say they will keep it on their harddrive- that’s great but ask for a physical backup of the native unflattened files and all the source images and fonts on a disc so that if anything happens to them, their computer, their harddrive, their work situation, their living situation, you have a back up.

6. If a logo design is part of the project – will the design be formated so that I can use it in black and white or color, or on any colot background or will it require a white box around it?

This is an important question – sometimes its easy to design a logo that work for the color of the immediate layout but when you need to put it on your facebook page or tshirt or business card, it doesn’t work as easily. Again, this is a question that clarifies. If you want it to have maximum flexibility for you – ask this question in the beginning of your relationship.

7. Are there any design concerns if you want to use the artwork or a portion of the artwork for t-shirts or display banners or other promotional materials which I may need the artwork larger?

Sometimes you may have a need for artwork to be larger than what it was originally designed to be. Sometimes because of how the artwork was designed it will look really bad if you just enlarge it. That’s why photoshop can be a limiting choice. Its a vector/non-vector issue. What’s that? Vector is better to go from small to large since it sets up an outline for text or images and then fills in instead of stretching dots (non-vector) from original size to larger which will pull dots further apart which kills the resolution of your artwork. Resolution affects how clear it is to the eye after its been printed.

Again, these are just some questions that will lead to a more complete discussion with your graphic designer. In turn this will helpyou be able to better assess how much it will cost you not just in terms of immediate outlay. This obviously is written more from the angle of having your CDs or DVD published but it lends itself to every situation where you might need the help of a graphic designer.

What questions have helped you? Please feel free to share below or let me know if these questions have helped you talk with your designer.

posted by in Artwork Layout,CD Duplication,CD Replication,DVD Duplication,DVD Replication,Templates and Specifications and have No Comments

CD DVD Production Service Moving in Austin

Well, its official – the truck is coming this week and we’re heavy into boxing things up and getting ready.

During the week of Dec 27th CDMaker will be focused on moving from the current location to a new office that is being painted as I write this.

Starting Jan 3, 2011 – you can find CDMaker at:

13581 Pond Springs Road, Suite 301
Austin, Texas 78729

Our phone numbers and website will remain the same – only the mailing address will be different.

Our mail is going to be forwarded for a couple of weeks as we communicate our new mailing address to our clients and everyone with whom we do business.
View Larger Map

posted by Carolyn Holzman in CD Duplication,CD Replication,DVD Duplication,DVD Replication and have Comments Off on CD DVD Production Service Moving in Austin

CD DVD Duplication Replication – Glossary

CD DVD Duplication Replication

It can be a jungle out there if you’re looking for information on cd dvd duplication replication or whatever you need in relation to your disc project. Which one is best for you or even what are the differences can be an education in itself before you even choose which duplication service to trust.

cd dvd duplication replication

CD DVD Duplication Replication glossary


The content is recorded onto CD-R & DVD-R discs from your supplied disc (CD-R or DVD-R). Duplication is used for all quantities, large and small, and offers the fastest turnaround. This is CD DVD duplication, replication is different.


Discs are pressed from a glass master that is made from your supplied disc (CD-R or DVD-R). Replication requires extensive technical setup and is only used for quantities of 500 & more.

Please contact us for assistance if you are not sure which process, duplication or replication, is best for you. We’ll be glad to help! Read more about how CDs work.

Graphic Art & Proofing Terms


The extra amount of that your art image extends beyond the trim edge of your artwork.


Cyan, Magenta, Yellow & Black

the four primary colors used to generate full color press, or high quality, printing.


Once your artwork is ready for duplication or replication, a sample view, called a proof, is emailed to you for approval. The process of receiving and approving proofs is called proofing. Once your proofs are emailed to you your project is on hold until your approval is received.


Red, Green & Blue, the primary colors used to create images for viewing on a PC monitor.


Image density measured in dots per inch.

Packaging Terms


Case standard DVD case.

Cardboard Sleeve

folding sleeve with a pocket to hold the disc.


opens like a 4 panel insert.


lightweight plastic case, sometimes called a c-shell case from it’s appearance.


similar to a cardboard sleeve but it includes a tray to hold the disc rather than a pocket.

Insert the removable sleeve stored in the jewel case lid.
2 panel insert 1 page with a front and back, no folds.
4 panel insert 2 pages on each side, 1 fold.
6 panel insert 3 pages on each side, 2 folds.
8 panel insert 4 pages on each side, 3 folds.
10 panel insert 5 pages on each side, 4 folds.
Booklet insert opens as a book and contains a minimum of 8 panels.
Jewel case a typical plastic Compact Disc case.
Panel A section of an insert folder between two folds or between a fold and a trimmed edge. One panel is considered to be two pages, a front and back for each.
Spindle cylinder shaped case for holding large quantities of CDs.
Sleeve paper envelope fitted for CDs with a clear window on the front.
Slimline half the thickness of a standard jewel case. Slimlines can fit an insert but not a tray card.
Tray card the permanent page on the underside of the jewel case with a spine for labeling the CD.

Printing Terms

The first number indicates the color of the front. The second number indicates the color of the back.

0 = no print, 1 = one color & 4 = full color.

For example, a 4/4 (4 over 4) four panel insert package would include a four panel insert with full color printing on the front & back.

4/0 Indicates full color print on the front and no print on the back.
4/1 Indicates full color print on the front and one color print on the back.
4/4 Indicates full color print on the front and full color print on the back.

Over& Under Run The number of units an order is over or under

Offset The superior on-disc print process resulting in improved images, skin tones, full color graphics and text. Replication on-disc print is printed on a shiny silver disc face. So if you what any part of the disc to be white – you need to include it in your artwork and at the very least put in on your order form and speak to your rep about it.

Screen The on disc print process using mesh screens and stencils.

CD DVD Duplication Replication

As you can see CD DVD duplication, replication, can be as simple as what you do at home OR as sophisticated as what a major record label or publisher  does to release a project.

CD DVD Duplication Replication

IF you have any specific questions about how best your project would be best to go -duplication or replication, please call 800-678-1998.

posted by Carolyn Holzman in CD Duplication,CD DVD Duplicating,CD DVD Replication Service,CD Replication,DVD Duplication,DVD Replication and have Comments Off on CD DVD Duplication Replication – Glossary